Composition is the making of the picture. It corresponds more or less to the melody in a piece of music or to the plot of a story. It concerns the proper placing of the elements of the picture. There are hundreds of rules for picture composition, but you do not need to pay any attention to them. Books have been written about it, but they are all pretty confusing.
Here are a few things to keep in mind:
The center of interest in this illustration is not the figure in the doorway with her back to you, but the small seamstress kneeling on the floor,
cutting a dress. Attention is called to her because: (1) she is the only figure dressed entirely in black; (2) the figure in the doorway looks toward her; (3) she is placed in such a position in the composition as to accent her; (4) space around her partially "halos" her.
Notice the drawing above. Here the important figure-"Dumb Dora"-is emphasized by accenting her figure in
black, the only black area in the whole composition.
A simple composition where there is no need for background. The little white rabbit relieves monotony. The leaves of the overhanging tree are only suggested by a few lines. The composition could be changed by
adding a background of hills and trees, or clouds and a flock of birds.